Afghanistan faces a considerable human trafficking problem as a country of origin, transit and destination for the trafficking of women and children. As a landlocked country sharing borders with six countries with inadequate border controls, widespread poverty, and an increasingly sophisticated and well-funded transnational crime network, Afghanistan offers an environment conducive to human trafficking (IOM 2004).
Children, especially boys, are reportedly trafficked to Saudi Arabia, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan for forced begging, labour and sexual exploitation while girls are reportedly being trafficked to GCC countries for forced marriage. In Saudi Arabia, some children are trafficked by their parents who enter the country on a pilgrimage visa and then force their children to beg to finance the cost of the pilgrimage. In the worst cases, parents sell their children there or simply just abandon them (Fall and others 2007).