Status of ratification of key international instruments

While the country has made some steps to implement protective mechanisms, such as the formation of the Committee to Counter Child Trafficking, it is not a party to either the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, or the SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution, leaving a gap in legal provisions for prosecution. Additionally, Afghanistan has not acceded to any of the key conventions related to migrant workers, but signed the Convention and the Protocol related to the status of refugees (table 1).