Recommendations

  • National migration management policies that are protection sensitive are needed. This would include national laws and procedures that identify people in need of international protection and do not compromise the right of asylum.
  • Although the subregion hosts a large number of refugees, only three countries have ratified the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Governments are encouraged to accede to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and/or its 1967 Protocol and establish national asylum systems in their respective countries.
  • To reduce the number of stateless persons in the subregion, it is important for Governments to adopt appropriate citizenship laws and policies that are consistent with international standards.
  • Governments are encouraged to accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
  • By acceding to key conventions related to refugees and statelessness, Governments would be able to show that they comply with international standards to ensure a minimum threshold of fair treatment for these groups, which takes into account their stability and security.
  • National mechanisms that meet international human rights standards need to be adopted to address situations of all children -- particularly unaccompanied and separated children; victims of people smuggling and human trafficking; as well as other individuals with specific needs.