The current legal framework related to out-migration in Bangladesh includes the Emigration Ordinance, 1982; Emigration Rules, 2002; Recruitment Agents’ Conduct and License Rules, 2002; Wage Earners’ Welfare Fund Rules, 2002; and Overseas Employment Policy, 2006.
The Government of Bangladesh developed the Overseas Employment Policy in 2006 to define its policy structure and implementation activities for the protection of the rights of migrants in the country and abroad; exploring new markets and human resource development, recruitment process, welfare of expatriates, remittance flows and investments; and economic and social reintegration of returnee migrants. In addition, the Policy sets the roles and responsibilities of the different government ministries and agencies that work on issues related to overseas employment.
On 11 April 2011, the Government ratified the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families without any reservations. However, the ratification has yet to be published with the United Nations Treaties Section. The Government is expected to enact the necessary enabling legislation to support its implementation, and in turn introduce adequate protection mechanisms for Bangladeshi migrant workers against exploitation and abuse during all stages of the migration process. Bangladesh has yet to ratify the other key international instruments listed in table 1.