This chapter focuses on the impact of natural disasters and climate change on migration in four contiguous countries in South Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The role of communities and development organizations in mitigating the impact of and facilitating adaption to the changing environment is highlighted and several regional case studies are discussed. The chapter refers to the emerging body of knowledge on the relationship between natural disasters and climate change on migration but also recognizes areas in which knowledge levels are currently inadequate to draw definitive conclusions for the region.
1 Written by Brian Kelly, Emergency and Post Crisis Advisor for Asia and the Pacific, International Organization for Migration (IOM). Special thanks to part-time research assistants Erin Anderson and David Ian Keith.