Conclusions

The scale of migration is expected to rise as a result of environmental change and the vulnerability of the subregion to natural hazards and disasters. Therefore, governments need coherent policies, legal and institutional frameworks as well as stronger technical and operational capacities to effectively address migration resulting from environmental change and vulnerability. Policy is not a solution in itself but instead its effectiveness must be based on how it catalyzes local communities to become more involved in addressing this critical issue which affects migrants and those who remain.