Key Points

  • Migration from Nepal to India dates back to the provision of free movement under the Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950. Due to the long and open border between the two countries, cross‑border movements often remain unrecorded.
  • Nepal is a relative newcomer to the global market of officially deployed labour migration. In the countries of destination, Nepalese often work in low-skilled jobs with limited protection.
  • Migration of women to work abroad is increasing. In the past, female migration was restricted through official channels. So, women often migrated through India to Western Asia.
  • Migration of women for foreign employment has contributed to the economic empowerment of women. Yet, despite government efforts to provide protection mechanisms for women, female migrant workers are considered to be more vulnerable to trafficking than men.