Human trafficking

Due to its geographic location, Turkey is also a country of transit and destination for migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons. Women are mainly trafficked to Turkey as sex workers. The majority of victims of human trafficking identified in Turkey are between 18 and 24 years old, mainly from Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine. The vast majority of victims recruited to Turkey had a personal relationship with their recruiter (IOM 2008). The Government of Turkey has taken comprehensive measures to address human trafficking and ratified the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. In order to prevent traffickers from exploiting the earlier law, which allowed people to obtain Turkish citizenship simply through a declaration at the time of marriage, the Citizenship Law was amended in 2003 to require foreigners to be married a minimum of three years to be entitled to Turkish citizenship.